The Mission is to achieve Mahatma Gandhi’s vision of rural India, which is narrated
in his own words:
"An ideal Indian village will be so constructed as to lend itself to perfect sanitation.
It will have cottages with sufficient light and ventilation built of a material
obtainable within a radius of five miles of it………………..The village lanes and streets
will be free of all avoidable dust. It will have wells according to its needs and
accessible to all. It will have houses of worship for all; also a common meeting
place, a village common for grazing its cattle, a co-operative dairy, primary and
secondary schools in which industrial education will be the central fact, and it
will have panchayats for settling disputes. It will produce its own grains, vegetables
and fruit, and its own khadi. This is roughly my idea of a model village."
"That village may be regarded as reformed…where the largest possible number of village
industries are flourishing, in which nobody is illiterate, where the roads are clean,
there is a fixed place for evacuation, the wells are clean, there is harmony among
the different communities, and untouchability is completely absent, in which everybody
gets cow’s milk, ghee etc., in moderate quantities, in which nobody is without work,
and which is free from quarrels and thefts…"
“My idea of village swaraj is that it is a complete republic, independent of its
neighbours for its own vital wants, and yet interdependent for many others in which
dependence is a necessity. Thus every village’s first concern will be to grow its
own food crops and cotton for its cloth. It should have a reserve for its cattle,
recreation and playground for adults and children. Then if there is more land available,
it will grow useful money crops, thus excluding ganja, tobacco, opium and the like.
The village will maintain a village theatre, school and public hall. It will have
its own waterworks, ensuring clean water supply. This can be done through controlled
wells or tanks. Education will be compulsory up to the final basic course. As far
as possible every activity will be conducted on the cooperative basis. There will
be no castes such as we have today with their graded untouchability."